week vi responds 200 words each and 1 reference each

week vi responds 200 words each and 1 reference each

Week 6 responds

Jason Yeargin

DB 5 Jason Yeargin


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Physical appearance has been a discussion of the church for decades and has been at the center of many church issues that have driven people away from the church. I am not here to debate which side is Biblical and which is not, simply to answer the question posed by the discussion board this week: How does physical appearance impact communication and the presentation of the Gospel in a intercultural setting?

According to Ting-Toomey and Chung, “Our physical appearance affects our daily interactions with others. Physical appearance includes body type, height, weight, hair, and skin color. Along without appearance, we wear clothing, and we also generally display artifacts.”[1] All of these play a part in who we are willing to communicate with, and who we might consider talking to about the Gospel of Christ. While we judge other’s worthiness for conversation based on these factors, we must also be aware that they are doing the same to us. Jesus, while speaking about sin, states, “Judge not, that you be not judged. For with what judgment you judge, you will be judged; and with the measure you use, it will be measured back to you.” (Matthew 7:1-2 NKJV) This can also be applied in this setting. If we were honest with ourselves, there are times when our appearances offend someone from a different cultural and social background. That offense can keep us from being effective witnesses. If we are ineffective witnesses, then we cannot possibly expect the Gospel presentation to be well-received and another soul won to the cause of Christ.

When we approach a situation for the purpose of presenting the Gospel, we must do so with an open mind and heart understanding that sometimes we must put aside our own personal tastes in order to be effective ministers of the Gospel. While I understand that it is the Holy Spirit that ultimately saves someone, not the way we dress, we must be mindful to dress in such a way that does not offend the hearer because if they are turned off before you have even begun to speak, the Gospel will not be received. Ting-Toomey and Chung write, “These cues serve as identity markers of the individual and also the practices of the larger culture.”[2] We must respect their cultural background in order to be the most effective ministers of the Gospel.

Having said this, I do not expect every male to be a three-piece suit and tie, or every female to be in an ankle long dress. I, myself, go against some of the cultural positions held by many of the churches in my area simply because I have a medium length beard. That beard has been a nonverbal cue that has acted as a platform from which I have been able to present and share the Gospel. Now in other settings, my beard would be offensive, so if I feel as though God is calling me to minister to people in those settings, I must be willing to trim my beard or even shave it should the situation call for it.

The way a certain person dresses or how they choose to adorn themselves speaks volumes of their cultural background and should not be ignored. The Gospel presentation must be morphed in such a way that it does not lose its purpose but is presented in a way that cuts through cultural differences in order to shed the Light of the Gospel upon a heart controlled by the darkness of sin.

[1] Stella Ting-Toomey and Leeva C. Chung, Understanding Intercultural Communication (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2012), 135.

[2] Ibid, 136.

Samuel Bellegarde

DB 5: Physical appareace in Non-verbal communication


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Physical appearance is one of the different forms that has been discussed in this week reading. Stella Ting-Toomey and Leeva C. Chung really emphasizes on the importance of this type of nonverbal communication. Physical appearance plays a role in human nature to make compromises [2]. All individuals change their approach depending on the people they meet and what they feel is expected from them. Your ‘on-duty’ self, the one who functions in public, is different from your ‘off-duty’ self, the one concerned with home, family and friends. Everyone has many and varied roles in life. You can be one person and be a parent, son and daughter, brother and sister, friend, adviser, patient, client and consumer all in one day.

An individual with form a first impression from a latter’s envelope, stationery, letterhead, color and size. The format, neatness, and language of a written message send a nonverbal message to the reader. The physical appearance of a speaker an oral message as much as the appearance of a letter influences written messages, listeners use physical appearance as a clue to the speaker’s credibility. That is why a sloppily dressed salesperson will find it different, if you impossible, to sell expensive clothing. People respond to others based on their physical appearance. For example, a person who wears designer clothes and expensive jewelry will transmit a nonverbal message.

This nonverbal message will be perceived differently by the receivers, depending on the occasion for which the individual is dressed. If the individual is going to lunch or dinner at an elegant restaurant, most people would perceive the person to be wealthy and successful. If the individual is washing a car or moving a lawn, may people would perceive the person to be lack common sense. Physical appearance adds to speaker credibility in the extend that the speaker knows well the physical environment so as to forestall any acts that could heighten his or her anxieties [2]. Physical appearance is an integral part of your vocal competence in that you cannot be all dazzling looking but get easily rattled by the audience members who ask an uncomfortable question, or when the public address systems malfunctions while you speak.

Physical appearance is like a soldier putting his or her body on the line of fire, knowing he or she might be shot at. So, you become scared, fearful and vulnerable. You communicate confidence, knowledge, pleasantness, and competence, all of which add to your physical appearance as a comfortable speaker and the audience as willing partners in the process of knowledge sharing. Your physical appearance in moments like this comes first through your facial expressions; in the emotions, and enthusiasm for the speaking event, the topic, and the audience. Stella Ting-Toomey and Leeva C. Chung understands that monitoring your physical appearance means you know when to smile and when to be serious as a speaker with a mission to bring your audience to the topic and the occasion. Your physical appearance in the speaking arena means you do not leave any audience member out, by monitoring their nonverbal gestures toward the content delivery [3].


[1] Stella Ting-Toomey and Leeva C. Chung, (2012). Understanding Intercultural Communication. Oxford, NY. Oxford University Press, 2012, p.129.

[2] Livermore, David A. (2015). Leading with Cultural Intelligence: The Real Secret to Success Ed. 2. Amacom, 115.

[3] Stella Ting-Toomey and Leeva C. Chung, (2012), 131.

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