EXCEL PROJECT – FIRE 305 Real Estate Investment Analysis
EXCEL PROJECT – FIRE 305
Real Estate Investment Analysis
You have been hired to perform an investment analysis for a high net worth individual to determine if they should purchase a commercial real estate investment. The investment includes office, retail and townhome land.
The following are the income characteristics:
Office – 50,000 square feet is leased to a national tenant, Funeral Directors Association for $40 per square foot for the next 20 years. The rent will not increase, and there are expense stops of $8.50 per square foot and there is no risk of vacancy or credit loss. 20,000 square feet is leased to anaccounting firm, Dewey Cheatham, and Howe for $36 per square foot for the next three years with no rent increases andthere is no risk of vacancy or credit loss. At the end of three years, they will vacate the space and it will take six months to lease the space at which time the market rent is projected to be $40 per square foot with annual increases of 2 percent. The lease term for this space is 15 years and the vacancy and credit loss on this space is 1 percent. Office expenses for all tenants are $7.25 per square foot and increase by 3 percent per year.
Retail – 15,000 square feet is leased to Trader Joe’s for $45 per square foot with no rent increases on a triple net basis for the next 20 years, and there is norisk of default. They pay percentage rent of 2.5 percent over the natural breakpoint. They currently have annual store sales of $20 million and expect sales to grow by 8 percent per year. 30,000 square feet is leased to HH Gregg for $35 per square foot triple net basis for the next 15 years with no rent increases. However, percentage rent is 4 percent over the natural breakpoint. Current store sales are $24 million and are expected to grow by 10 percent per year. Caribou Coffee leases 1,200 square feet for $50 per square foot with rent increases of 4 percent per year on a triple net basis for 15 years,and there is no risk of credit loss.
Townhome Land – There is acreage to support 120 townhomes. These lots are under contract to three different builders: Eagle of Virginia, Ryan Homes, and HHHunt. Each builder will take down (purchase) 10 lots per year at an initial price of $75,000 and lot prices will increase by $10,000 per year until all lots are sold. The development cost of each lot is $30,000 and will increase by $5,000 per year. Holding costs are $1,000 based on the remaining lots, and the cost of sale for each lot is 6 percent.
Financing –Third Fifth Bank is providing 70 percent loan to value at 6.75 percent amortized over 25 years with a 10 year callon the office and retail area only. No financing is available on the land.
Taxes – Your investor has an ordinary income tax rate of 28 percent. The long term capital gain taxes are 20 percent, and recapture is 25 percent.
Investment Criteria/Assumptions–The property is offered for $45 million. The terminal cap rate is 7.50percent, and the discount rate is 9.5 percent. The holding period is 10 years. Assume that the mixed use land value is $10 million.Also, assume that the cost of sale at the end of the holding period is 1 percent.
What are the annual cash flows for periods 1 to 11; what is the terminal value; what is the before and after tax NPV and IRR (use end of period); what is the division of value between cash flows and resale? Do you recommend purchasing the property? Explain why or why not. Show all calculations – PGI, EGI, Expenses, NOI, Taxes, etc. If unclear about something, clearly state your assumptions.