introduction to criminal justice
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The Courtroom Work Group
The courtroom workgroup comprises professional courtroom personnel, including the judge, the prosecuting attorney, the defense counsel, the bailiff, the trial court administrator, the court reporter, the clerk of court, and expert witnesses. The courtroom workgroup is guided by statutory requirements and ethical considerations, and its members are generally dedicated to bringing the criminal trial and other courtroom procedures to a successful close.
Also, present in the courtroom during a criminal trial is â€œoutsidersâ€â€”nonprofessional courtroom participants such as lay witnesses, jurors, the victim, the defendant, and spectators and members of the press. Nonprofessional or nonjudicial courtroom personnel may be unwilling or inadvertent participants in a criminal trial.
The criminal trial involves an adversarial process that pits the prosecution against the defense. Trials are peer-based fact-finding processes intended to protect the rights of the accused while disputed issues of guilt or innocence are resolved. The primary purpose of a criminal trial is to determine whether the defendant violated the criminal law of the jurisdiction in which the court has authority.
A criminal trial has eight stages: trial initiation, jury selection, opening statements, presentation of evidence, closing arguments, judgeâ€™s charge to the jury, jury deliberations, and verdict. Each is described in detail in this chapter. At least a few experts have suggested the training and use of a cadre of professional jurors, versed in the law and in trial practice, who could insulate themselves from media portrayals of famous defendants and who would resolve questions of guilt or innocence more on the basis of reason than emotion.
Answer those questions, please.
What is the Trial phase and who is involved?
How are Judges selected in the Federal service?
What are some of the key qualifications for a Judge?
The role of the Defense Counsel
What is a Public Defender?
What is a Subpoena?
The role of the Jury and some issues that may arise during the trial
The testimony phase and issues that may arise
Reflect on at least two things you learned or discovered through the Chapter’s readings. Reflect on how a particular topic in the chapter was interesting, challenging, boring, surprising to you and how you may apply a particular concept or theory you learned in the reading in your current or future profession.