Is it ethical for psychologists to deceive research participants on the methods and objectives of their research?

Is it ethical for psychologists to deceive research participants on the methods and objectives of their research? What are ways that protect subjects from participation in experiments that might be harmful to them? Things to discuss are: informed consent, human subjects committee, APA guidelines for ethics with animals and human subjects and subject debriefment. Similarly, why are double blind experiments done?

Factoring a small number, such as 36, may be pretty simple, but how might one go about factoring a larger number, such as 19,800?

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