After reading the article, consider the following:1. For each of the studies, how did Golub, Gilbert, and Wilson (2009) operationally define the positive expectations? How did they operationally define affect?

After reading the article, consider the following:1. For each of the studies, how did Golub, Gilbert, and Wilson (2009) operationally define the positive expectations? How did they operationally define affect?

  1. In experiments 1a and 1b, what were the independent variable(s)? What where the dependent variable(s)?3. This article includes three different studies. In this case, what are the advantages to answering the research question using multiple methods?4. On what basis did the authors conclude, “Our studies suggest that the affective benefits of negative expectations may be more elusive than their costs” (p. 280)?5. Evaluate the external validity of the two experiments and one field study that Golub, Gilbert, and Wilson (2009) conducted.6. How good was the internal validity?

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