Write a 2,500 to 3,000-word (or more) persuasive essay based on your research from the Annotated Bibliography assignment. Your purpose is to persuade your reader that a specific problem (of your choosing) exists. Then, you should identify two to three potential solutions to the problem, evaluate and critique the lesser solution(s), and then persuade your reader to accept your last solution as the most effective.
Be sure to do the following in the body of your essay:
Establish that a single problem exists. Describe the problem. Examine the causes of the problem. Provide detailed support to prove that the problem is significant. Explain to readers how this problem affects them.Be sure to present only ONE problem, not three. More sophisticated essays should include a paragraph of refutation that refutes a counterargument suggesting the issue is not, in fact, a problem.
Present and evaluate one to two lesser solutions to the problem in order of effectiveness. Describe and explain each lesser solution, and evaluate each solution to show that it is inadequate (just like Ezekiel Emanuel did with the liberal and conservative solutions in the second health care article https://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/11/03/less-than-26-billion-dont-bother/?_r=0
Describe and explain your best solution. Describe the solution, and explain the specific ways it will solve the problem. Explain who the solution will benefit and how, including detailed support to persuade readers that this solution is effective (just like Ezekiel Emanuel did in his essay https://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/11/12/billions-wasted-on-billing/
Use refutation to defend your best solution. In your refutation for your best solution, you will focus primarily on defending your solution against objections—although it is perfectly acceptable to acknowledge that this solution is not perfect. The general structure of refutation should be as follows: 1) identify and summarize the objection to your solution; 2) then, concede (partially); and 3) refute the objection, showing why your solution is superior despite the counterargument.
Consider each of the questions on the following checklist to help you revise and edit your essay.
Have you presented your essay in MLA format https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01
Do you have a title that grabs the reader’s attention and suggests the focus of the essay? Consider using a title that first hooks the reader and then includes an academic subtitle that clarifies your subject (e.g. “California DREAMin’: The Death of Educational Access in the Golden State” or “I Have a DREAM Act: Defending Educational Opportunities for Undocumented Students”).
Do you have a hook that grabs your reader’s attention? Remember: your first job is to grab the reader’s attention!
Have you included relevant background information in your introduction? Is there any introductory information (e.g. definitions or historical context) that your reader needs to know in order to understand your thesis statement?
Have you defined your terms effectively?
Do you have a clear, focused thesis? Include a clear thesis statement. Boldface it.
Do you have well-developed paragraphs with clear topic sentences, detailed support, and developed explanations that link your support back to your thesis? Underline your topic sentences.
Is your factual evidence contemporary, sufficient, relevant, and representative?
Do you include expert opinion? Are these experts qualified to make this statement? Is the expert biased? Have you honestly presented these experts in terms of their credibility and/or bias? Have you accounted for experts who disagree?
Have you made appeals to the needs, values, and beliefs of your audience (Pathos)?
Have you carefully chosen your language to persuade your reader?
Have you used refutation in your essay? Have you summarized the opposition’s arguments and objections to your position? Have you (partially) conceded and/or refuted opposing positions where relevant?
Have you attempted to build common ground?
Have you included effective transitions between your paragraphs to ensure that your essay is unified and cohesive? See the
Have you effectively synthesized (combined) and summed up your argument? Have you used appeals to call your reader to action? Have you suggested the first or next logical step towards accomplishing your goal? Have you painted a picture of what the world might look like if your solution were implemented? Have you considered using a framing device (remember the Forrest Gump example that uses a repeating image/symbol/idea/quote/narrative to weave the parts of your essay together). Have you appealed to your reader to acknowledge what is at stake with this issue? Note: you shouldn’t necessarily use all of these strategies, but think about using one or more if relevant.
Have you avoided plagiarism and used signal phrases to introduce your sources and establish credibility?
Have you used MLA format
to cite your sources, using signal phrases
Your essay should use a minimum of eight outside sources.
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